Branislav Jevtić, Irina Juhas
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education.
indent Abstract
The political activism of women from the late nineteenth and 60 years of the twentieth century, that sought to ensure gender equality and end discrimination, was transferred to the sports organizations and the entire system of international sport, that more or less successfully dealt with this problem throughout the last, as well as in the fi rst decade of this century. Recent past time belongs to the "Third period of changes" which was expected to reach a greater inclusion of women in sport. This period is fi lled with activities, agendas, declarations, but also results of research affi rming the importance and role of sport and provides direction for the integration of women at all levels of sports pyramid. Coloured with "academic colours," this is the period which sums up what was achieved and sets a framework for a new strategy. This is the time frame that registers a lot of contradictory signs (contradictio symptoma) between intention - activity - result to increase direct participation of women in sport and physical activity, and to involve them in governing and decision making bodies in sport. The results have been achieved, the participation has reached the threshold of numerical equality, both in physical activity and at the Olympics, but on the other hand it is noted that the number of female coaches has decreased, that the woman - coach who trains men is rarity, and that the implementation of leadership position of women in sport is full of contradictions, fi lled with documents, poor in performance, and far from simple numerical participation.