Branislav Jevtić
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia.
indent Abstract
Olympism is a unique movement that connects people, cultures, and all countries of the world, promoting peace, and building good will and
cooperation. The Olympic Games (Olympics) are the manifest form of the International Olympic Movement (MOP) and a mega sporting event in which the best athletes of the world participate. They promote peace and a system of values cherished by all societies. More than 1320 athletes took part in the Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008, of which 198 women (14%). 98 medals were won, of which 15, or nearly 15% were won by women. Today, in the year when we celebrate 101 years since the founding of the Olympic Committee of Serbia (OCS), the situation regarding female participation in sport is still undetermined, better to say unsettled. The experience of OCS can be summarized by the following facts: (1) there has been a numerical equality in the delegations of the OCS1), in summer and winter EYOF. The participation of girls and women in the delegations of the winter program is high and on the verge of numerical equality. Regarding participation in the LOI a smaller percentage of women is registered; (2) the analysis of activities in a part of sports and business function in a sports organization indicates that the strategy of increasing women's participation is not implemented or if there is a strategy, it is implemented sporadically; (3) the following is recorded: the continuity of absence of female teams in basketball and handball (they used to be Olympic medal winners), athletes in rhythmic gymnastics and synchronized swimming (sports with Olympic tradition), while most of the new disciplines in the Olympic women's program (boxing, wrestling) are not developed in Serbia or the degree of competition does not exceed the minimum point requirements for participation; (4) volleyball, shooting, and tennis record high level of competitiveness, and guaranteed participation. The situation is similar in one swimming event, as well as more numerous participation of women than men is registered in athletic events; (5) both business and sports function of OCS are based on the principle of equality and universality, so that a woman was the head of the OCS mission in the Olympic Games in Beijing (2008), a woman was the bearer of the Serbian fl ag at the Games in Beijing, Vancouver and the MI in Pescara; (6) the participation of women offi cials in the work of national sports federations is not recorded, namely there are no women coaches in the Olympic delegations; (7) the causes of such state could not be described by forms of discrimination or lack of equality in sports, organizational, business and management level of Olympic delegations.