Knowledge in athletics – from practice to innovations
Đorđe Stefanović, Rade Stefanović, Branimir Mekić.
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia; University of Priština, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Leposavić, Serbia.

indent Abstract
Continuous improvement of practical and theoretical knowledge represents the basis for further cognitive paradigm and innovations leading to new, more efficient practice in athletics. The need for affirmation of knowledge (everything we know) stimulates the process of acquiring knowledge about a human in this sports discipline (ontological context) including knowledge based on scientific-research work (methodological context). It is a fact that application of the scientific method has led to new knowledge in favour of athletic practice and to establishment of new cognitive horizons in studying the scope of human sports performances. The source of knowledge is athletic theory and practice. At the same time they are the starting point for studying dynamics of human performances manifested through various athletic disciplines. For a number of analysers, results achieved on big athletic competitions provoked a discussion about platforms and ''conservation'' of human abilities, whereas for the others it was a starting point for inquiry about the final reach of knowledge about human athletic being (gnoseological context). The origin of knowledge about the athletic being of humans dates back to the ancient philosophy of Plato and Socrates. Thus it can be claimed that the source of knowledge is as old as discussions about nature of change of a human being under the influence of exercising. In this study athletics is presented through the space of knowledge (subject of the study) integrating primordial and scientific with the outcome such as new and efficient training and competition practice.