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Social support and physical activity level of elementary school students
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Živan N. Milošević, Tatjana Tubić.
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia.

indent Abstract
The aim of this research was to determine whether differences among elementary school students of both genders in levels of physical activity in relation to their individual perception of different social support domains are present. 165 fifth graders participated in this research (88 girls and 77 boys). Social Support Scale for Children, SSSC (Harter, 1985) which consists of four subscales: 1. social support of parents; 2. social support of peers; 3. social support of teachers; and 4. social support of close friends, was administered and used. Evaluation of the level of physical activity has been assessed via the questionnaire method which was based on self-evaluation and self-perception of levels of physical activity by applying the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Craig et al., 2003). Results of multiple regression analysis show that the system of prediction variables of specific domain of social support has a statistically significant influence on strenuous physical activity levels of boys. Social support of close friends has displayed itself as the absolute best predictor on their strenuous and total physical activity. Statistically significant influence of system of prediction variables on any type and level of physical activity hasn't been noticed among girls. By observing the influence of certain variables of social support social support from parents has the strongest influence on moderate level of physical activity among girls. This research paper contributes to the identification of factors which influence the participation level of students in physical activity programs. The goal of this research paper was to contribute to the development of fruitful strategies and interventions which will ensure motivation and enjoyment in physical activity participation.

 

keywords SOCIAL INFLUENCE / SOCIAL PERCEPTION / TYPES OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY